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济南彩钢板房围护结构的保温设计

文章发布: 发表时间:2017-07-18 11:06:48

济南彩钢板房围护构造的集装籍工▲保温规划这些年,随着世界各地自然灾害的频频发作以及对矿产资源的赶紧开发,哀鸿暂时安置房和油田矿山现场办公居住所的需求量不断增加,坚固耐用、搬运简单、装置快捷的集装箱式活动房因此得到迅速开展。习惯当今修建节能、环保和经济的潮流,加强济南彩钢板房围护构造的保温技能研究,已变成济南彩钢板房开展的必然趋势。
Ji'nan steel housing enclosure structure container industry - Ji insulation planning for these years, with the frequent occurrence of natural disasters around the world and to the development of the mineral resources for temporary resettlement housing and oil Aihong mine site office residential demand increases unceasingly, durable, simple and quick handling device of container houses so rapidly carry out. Accustomed to the current construction of energy saving, environmental protection and economic trends, strengthen the Ji'nan color steel board enclosure structure insulation skills research, has become an inevitable trend of Ji'nan color steel board room.
1围护构造保温规划目标及标准1.1室内热舒适性室内热舒适性是大家对室内热环境感到满意的一种片面感受。影响室内热舒适性的要素,除了人体的推陈出新率、衣着情况等主观要素外,首要包括室内温度、室内湿度、空气活动速度和环境热辐射等多个室内客观要素。环境热辐射是由也许进入室内的太阳辐射及人体与房屋墙面、地上、房顶等周围环境界面之间的辐射热交换构成的。室内空气温度是影响室内热舒适性的首要要素。
1 thermal insulation planning goal and standard of enclosure structure 1.1 indoor thermal comfort and indoor thermal comfort are a kind of one-sided feeling that people are satisfied with indoor thermal environment. The influence of indoor thermal comfort of human factors, in addition to innovation rate, dress and other subjective factors, mainly including indoor temperature, indoor humidity, air velocity and heat radiation and other indoor environmental objective factors. Environmental heat radiation consists of radiant heat exchange that may enter the interior of the sun and the interface between the human body and the walls of the house, the floor, the roof, etc.. Indoor air temperature is the most important factor affecting indoor thermal comfort.
2围护构造保温规划请求2.1保温方法在进行济南彩钢板房 http://www.jnjinrun.com/ 围护构造保温规划时,要联系当地的气候条件、集装箱式活动房的构造特色、多式联运条件以及经济性方面的请求,思考保温形,经过最小总热阻的计算,确定保温构造与厚度。对夏热冬冷地区,既要思考修建外围护构造的隔热,又要思考冬天修建外围护构造的保温。
2 insulation enclosure structure planning request 2.1 insulation method in Ji'nan steel housing enclosure structure heat preservation planning, to contact the local climate conditions, the structural characteristics of container houses, multimodal transport conditions and economic aspects of the request, thinking through the calculation of the insulation, the total thermal resistance, thermal insulation structure and thickness determination. In hot summer and cold winter zone, it is necessary to consider the insulation of the building envelope, and to consider the insulation of the outer enclosure structure in winter.
因多式联运过程中的起吊、堆码、栓固等请求,以及港口、堆场工作条件和海陆运送环境的约束,济南彩钢板房围护构造一般选用内保温方法。
For lifting, multimodal transport in the process of stacking and securing such requests and constraints, working conditions and sea port yard transport environment, Ji'nan steel housing is generally used in thermal insulation method of enclosure structure.
 
 2.2保温资料尽也许选用热导系数小的高效保温隔热资料,以削减保温层的厚度,进步室内使用面积。
2.2, heat preservation materials as far as possible, select the thermal conductivity coefficient of small heat insulation data, in order to reduce the thickness of insulation layer, improve indoor use area.
保温隔热资料按原料可分为无机保温隔热资料、有机保温隔热资料和金属绝热资料3大类;按形状又可分为纤维状保温隔热资料、多孔(微孔、气泡)状保温隔热资料、层状保温隔热资料等几种。保温隔热资料的功能取决于资料的热导系数,热导系数愈小,其保温隔热的功能则愈好。保温隔热资料的热导系数与其成分、表观密度、内部构造以及传热时的平均温度和资料的含水率有关。在修建围护构造中最常用的绝热保温资料有模塑聚苯乙烯泡沫塑料、挤塑聚苯乙烯泡沫塑料、硬质聚氨酯泡沫塑料、岩棉板、玻璃棉等。
According to the data of thermal insulation materials can be divided into inorganic thermal insulation materials, insulation materials and metal organic materials insulation 3 categories; according to the shape can be divided into fibrous insulation materials, porous (microporous, bubble) shaped thermal insulation materials and layered thermal insulation materials etc.. The function of heat preservation and heat insulation data depends on the thermal conductivity of the material, and the smaller the thermal conductivity, the better the insulation and heat insulation function. The thermal conductivity of thermal insulation data is related to its composition, apparent density, internal structure, average temperature during heat transfer and moisture content of the data. The most common thermal insulation materials used in building envelopes include molded polystyrene foam, extruded polystyrene foam, rigid polyurethane foam, rock wool board, glass wool and so on.
2.3防火功能保温体系防火功能的有关标明,关于低层住所(3层以下),各国标准对修建构件的耐火极限请求均为0.51.0h,对修建构件焚烧功能的请求以中国标准最为严格。
The 2.3 functions of fire insulation system of fire prevention function is related to the marked on the lower house (3 floors below), to build the components of the fire resistance limit of national standards request is 0.51.0h, to build the component function request to burn the most stringent standard Chinese.
在进行济南彩钢板房围护构造的内保温规划时,可遵从修建规划防火标准GB 16一1987、住所修建标准GB50368―2005和修建内部装饰规划防火标准GB50222―1995的有关规定,采用不燃或难燃资料,如矿棉板(毡)、玻璃棉板等;若选用泡沫塑料类资料,其焚烧功能应到达B1级。
In Ji'nan, the color plate of the insulation enclosure structure planning, construction planning can comply with fire safety standards GB 16, 1987 GB50368 - 2005 standard shelters and the construction of the relevant provisions of the internal decoration fire planning standard GB50222 - 1995, with no flammable materials, such as mineral wool board, glass wool board (felt); if the selection of foam materials, the burning function should reach B1 level.
2.4健康与环境保护保温隔热资料应选用不对室内环境发作污染的环保资料,即不含有放射性、致癌以及别的污染室内环境的物质。现在,中国对室内环境污染的操控有民用建筑工程室内环境污染操控标准GB50325―2001和室内空气质量标准GB/T 2.5内装饰规划济南彩钢板房围护构造的内保温规划应统筹围护构造的内装饰规划,力求保温隔热资料和内装饰资料的一体化装饰,完成内装饰过程的标准化、工业化,进步内装饰的劳动生产率,提高内装饰的质量和水平。
2.4, health and environmental protection heat preservation and insulation materials, should choose not to indoor environment attack pollution of environmental protection information, namely does not contain radioactive, carcinogenic and other pollution indoor environment of the material. Now, Chinese of indoor environmental pollution control of civil engineering indoor environmental pollution control standard GB50325 - 2001 and GB/T 2.5 in indoor air quality standard decoration planning of Ji'nan steel housing enclosure structure of the insulation should co-ordinate the planning within the enclosure structure planning and decoration, decoration materials and heat insulation materials and insulation, standardization in the process of industrialization, decorative decoration, labor productivity progress, improve the quality and level of the interior decoration.
在多式联运过程中,济南彩钢板房受起吊、插举、堆码等装运工作以及海陆运送的波动和轰动等许多要素影响,箱体不行防止地发作变形。为防止内装饰资料及其接缝的开裂,内装饰资料宜选用横向和纵向抗弯模量较高且有必定耐性的装饰资料,不得直接用脆性资料装饰,如瓷砖贴面和石材贴面等。内装饰板接缝宜选用明缝或压条处理,如需无缝处理,应严厉按嵌缝技能进行操作,选用具有较高的自黏结才能和强度、必定的耐性和较好的施工功能的接缝胶和接缝带。
In the multimodal transport process, Ji'nan steel housing by lifting, lifting, stacking and inserted shipping and the sea transportation and many other factors affect the fluctuation of sensation, not to prevent the attack of deformation body. To prevent cracking of decorative materials and decorative materials in the joints, should use the horizontal and vertical bending modulus is higher and there is surely tolerance of decorative materials, shall not be directly used for brittle materials such as ceramic tiles and decoration, stone veneer etc.. Interior decorative plate joints should be selected topstitching or layering processing, such as seamless processing, should be in strict accordance with the operation with caulking skills, high strength, self adhesive ability and must have patience and good construction function of glue joint and joint zone.
济南彩钢板房内墙面或天花板上需固定或悬挂重物时,应事先在箱体上预埋衬板。
Ji'nan color board room inside the wall or ceiling should be fixed or suspended heavy objects, should be pre embedded in the box lining board.
保温规划应确保表里表不结露,即表里表温度不低于室内空气的露点温度。结露会使围护构造表里表湿润、霉变乃至淌水,恶化室内卫生条件。
The heat preservation plan shall ensure that the temperature is not lower than the dew point temperature of the indoor air. Dew will make the exterior and exterior of the enclosure structure moist, mildew and even drip water, and worsen indoor sanitary conditions.
内保温围护构造的露点位置是在接近外墙内侧的外表存在构造冷(热)桥的部位,这些部位因表里温差过大常发作结露景象。在内保温规划中应防止构造冷(热)桥的存在。
The dew point of the inner thermal insulation structure is near the inside of the outer wall, where there is a cold (hot) bridge, and the temperature of the interior and exterior is too large. The construction of a cold (thermal) bridge shall be prevented in the interior heat preservation plan.
3济南彩钢板房围护构造常用的内保温体系3.1彩钢夹芯板内保温体系彩钢夹芯板是将五颜六色涂层钢板面板及五颜六色涂层钢板或镀锌钢板底板与保温芯材经过黏结剂(或发泡)复合而成的保温围护板材,按保温芯材的不一样可分为硬质聚氨酯夹芯板、聚苯乙烯(或挤塑聚苯乙烯)夹芯板和岩棉夹芯板。彩钢夹芯板间选用咬合连接方法,用于湿润场合的,可预先在面板外表高频热合PVC饰面。彩钢夹芯板内保温体系一般用于干箱箱体构造、对保温功能请求不高的集装箱式活动房。
3 Ji'nan steel housing enclosure structure commonly used within the insulation system of 3.1 steel sandwich board thermal insulation system within the steel sandwich board is coated steel panel and will be riotous with colour riotous with colour coating steel plate or galvanized steel sheet and plate insulation core material after bonding agent (or foam) a composite insulation panels, according to the different thermal insulation materials can be divided into rigid polyurethane sandwich board, polystyrene (or extruded polystyrene sandwich panel and rock wool sandwich board). Between the color steel sandwich panels, the method of occlusal connection is adopted. It is used for wetting occasions and can be used to heat the surface of PVC in front of the panel in a high frequency. The inner thermal insulation system of color steel sandwich board is generally used for the structure of dry box and cabinet, and the container room with low request for heat preservation function.
3.2龙骨内保温体系龙骨内保温体系是合作石膏板、纤维水泥板、硅酸钙板、氧化镁板等内墙装饰板而采纳的一种内保温方法。箱体构造联系轻钢构造住所的构造特色。薄板轻钢龙骨既作为构造承载件,也作为内墙板的固定根底,外侧板可为干箱大波筋、平板、墙面压型板等多种截面方法,龙骨间一般填充岩棉和玻璃棉等纤维状保温资料。
3.2, keel insulation system, keel insulation system is a cooperation gypsum board, fiber cement board, calcium silicate board, Magnesium Oxide board and other interior wall decorative board and adopted an internal insulation method. The structure of the box connects the structural features of the light steel structure residence. Thin light steel keel as structural components, as well as interior wall fixed foundation, lateral plate can be in a dry box wave rib, plate, wall pressure plate and other cross section method, keel between filling rock wool and glass wool and other fibrous insulation materials.
3.3复合保温石膏板内保温体系欧洲于20世纪70年代初开始在修建上使用复合保温石膏板内保温体系,经过近40a的大规模工程实习和检查,已构成完善的技能标准,变成欧洲主流的修建围护构造保温体系。自2006年由以拉法基为代表的外资建材公司引入到中国之后,该体系已经过修建行业的一系列理论和检查证明,发布有关技能规程和图集,并成功使用于许多工程项目中。复合保温石膏板兼有石膏板的装饰性和保温资料的超卓保温功能,完成集装箱式活动房保温资料和内墙装饰板的一体化装饰,提高内装饰功率。
3.3 composite insulation gypsum board insulation system in Europe in the early 1970s began to use the composite insulation gypsum board insulation system in the building, after a large-scale project near 40A in practice and inspection, constitutes a perfect skill standard, become the mainstream of European building enclosure structure heat preservation system. Since foreign building materials company in 2006 by Lafarge represented into China, this system has been proved a series of theoretical construction and inspection industry, issued the relevant rules and skills of atlas, and successfully used in many engineering projects. The composite thermal gypsum board has the function of the decorative and heat preservation of the gypsum board, and completes the integral decoration of the container type movable room, the heat preservation material and the interior wall decorative board, and improves the power of the interior decoration.
3.4聚氨酯内保温体系聚氨酯内保温体系是联系冷箱发泡技能而构成的一种集装箱式活动房围护构造内保温体系,其首要技能特色是预先对集装箱式活动房各围护构造进行聚氨酯模压打针发泡,然后构成顶、侧、底等几大总装部件,总装后,再对各整体部件交界处进行二次发泡。聚氨酯内保温体系适用于各种方法的箱体构造,有关于EPS,XPS等保温材料具有不行比较的优势:保温效能好聚氨酯硬泡的热导系数0.024W/(m.K),是EPS,XPS等保温资料中热工功能最佳的的保温资料。模压打针聚氨酯硬泡能习惯各种形状截面,形成接连有用的保温层,防止空气经过缝隙或空腔流通而发作的冷(热)桥景象。
3.4 polyurethane insulation system within the inner polyurethane insulation system is a kind of container type movable house enclosure structure contact cold box made of foaming skills within the insulation system, its main feature is the skill of container houses the enclosure structure of injection molded polyurethane foam in advance, then form a top side, bottom, and other major components of the assembly. After the assembly, and the whole component at the junction of two foam. The structure of polyurethane insulation within the system is suitable for all kinds of methods, there is no comparative advantage on EPS, XPS and 0.024W/: thermal conductivity of insulating material has good insulation efficacy of rigid polyurethane foam (m.K), EPS, XPS and other insulation materials in the thermal insulation material of the best function. Injection molding polyurethane rigid foam, can be used to form a variety of sections, forming a series of useful insulation layer, to prevent the air through the gap or cavity circulation and cold (hot) bridge scene.
 
  黏附力强聚氨酯硬泡能与混凝土、木材、钢材、浙青、橡胶等资料粘结结实。模压打针聚氨酯硬泡能与箱体、内墙装饰板有用联系,即便在最晦气的温度与湿度,以及自重、正常磕碰等许多要素的影响下,保温层仍坚持安稳性,不呈现与箱体和内墙装饰板的分离、掉落景象。
Strong adhesion, polyurethane rigid foam can be bonded with concrete, wood, steel, Zhejiang green, rubber and other data. Can contact with the box body and the inner wall decorative plate injection molding useful rigid polyurethane foam, even in the most unfavorable temperature and humidity, and the influence of gravity, and many other elements of the bump, the insulation layer still insist on stability, do not show the separation, with the housing and the inner wall of the drop scene.
防火功能较好聚氨酯硬泡增加阻燃剂后是一种难燃、自熄碳化的资料,且无XPS,EPS遇火及高温而熔滴形成墙体掉落的的缺点,其防火功能可到达B2级。
The fire retardant function is better, the polyurethane hard foam increases the flame retardant, and it is a kind of data that is difficult to burn and self extinguishing, and without the XPS, EPS, the flame and the high temperature drop to form the wall falling, and its fire prevention function can reach the B2 level.
防水功能好因为聚氨酯硬泡归于闭孔构造,闭孔率90%,吸水率4%,能极好地阻断水和水蒸气的浸透,能使保温体系长时间坚持在杰出、安稳的绝热情况。
Because of good waterproof function to construct rigid polyurethane foam obturator, obturator rate is 90%, the absorption rate is 4%, excellent blocking water and steam soak, can make the insulation system a long time in the fine and stable insulation.
抗裂功能好聚氨酯硬泡是一种柔性较好的资料,抗外界变形才能强,在外力、温度、湿度等变形作用下,不易发作裂缝,有用地确保体系的安稳性和耐久性。
Good anti cracking function of rigid polyurethane foam is a kind of flexible material, anti external deformation ability, in force, temperature and humidity deformation under the action of the attack is not easy to crack, effectively ensure the stability and durability of the system.
环保功能好聚氨酯硬泡归于三维热固交联构造,是一种化学安稳性较高的资料,其发泡剂可用无氟或半氟型的,因此不会发作有害气体,不会对室内环境和臭氧层形成危害。
The environmental protection function of rigid polyurethane foam to three-dimensional structure is a kind of thermosetting crosslinking, chemical stability of high, the foaming agent can be used without fluorine or semi fluorinated type, so as not to attack the harmful gases, not on the indoor environment and the formation of the ozone layer damage.
施工快捷模压打针的施工能够进行机械化工作,功率高。聚氨酯施工对集装箱式活动房外形习惯才能强,能全方面确保杂乱部位的保温作用。
Construction of quick molding injection can be mechanized work, high power. The polyurethane construction is good for the shape of the container type movable room, and can ensure the thermal insulation function of the mess parts in all aspects.